Kidney Transplant

Kidney transplantation is made from living or cadaveric donors. Including the kidneys from blood relatives usually indicates that better match with the body of the patient. This type of surgery performed from living donors, donor kidney transplantation is performed when the patient and prepared as previously detailed and the most favorable conditions occur. For him, the success rate of more transplants from living donors, surgical risk is less. However, cadaver kidney detail in making the entire examination during apply to the transplant unit patients waiting for new drugs in the chance of success made the transplantation of cadaveric donors entry into the field of application has approached those made from live donors.

During surgery, the transplanted kidney, groin on the right is placed on the right or left side. This artery is a major artery of the kidney in the lower abdomen, a large vein in the abdomen also collect in this part is sewn into a vein. The urethra into the bladder is exteriorized.

Appropriate conditions, all this surgery takes about 2-4 hours. As with any surgery, kidney transplantation is a risk by himself there is a risk in the operation. But thanks to new techniques developed during surgery death rate has fallen below 1%.

After surgery, kidneys from living donors usually starts to work immediately and does not need to enter any more dialysis.

After transplantation is made from cadaver donors, to begin operating the new kidney is sometimes delayed until 2-3 weeks. During this time, the supporting dialysis treatment is applied, When adequate renal dialysis starts working end.

After surgery, the hospital stay and develop normally take everything that the conditions are the average of 2-4 weeks.

Rh blood group type
no importance during organ transplantation.

A and B groups of individuals can give their bodies to individuals with blood group or take organs from them.

* You can receive organs from 0 blood group 0 blood group

0-to-B blood group AB can donate organs

* Blood Group A-0 blood from Gru. can Buy Organ

Blood Group can donate organs to -EU

* B blood group B-0 blood can Gru. from Al Organ

Blood Group B -EU can Donate Organs

* AB blood group 0-to-B-EU can Buy Organ G.

AB blood group can donate organs

Transplantation of blood outside the group must also be a good fit between the cells and tissues make up organs. Histocompatibility testing; individual in the structure of tissues and organs in the body similar to investigate whether another person's tissues and organs. If two individuals of the graft tissue to one another the like, the possibility of rejection by the patient's body so small. Monozygotic (identical with each other) organ rejection is not made between the twins said in the posting. Usually the parents of tissues shows a partial alignment with the children. Between the brothers; full compliance, or moderately fit can be observed, sometimes also encountered a complete tissue incompatibility.

Study Conducted at first from the Organ Donation Donor

1. Physical examination not only kidneys, all organs and systems will be reviewed by a detailed examination. This is detected during the inspection of any disease to be treated, if possible, but you can donate organs will be considered later.

2. Urine Analysis and Kidney Function Tests: to be absolutely sure that your kidneys healthy, many times in a row in the first days of your application urine analysis and renal function tests will be performed. If there are any delays in the task of your kidneys, to endanger your health, your absence will be proposed in organ donation.

3. Blood Review: Things to normal presence of various blood tests; you are healthy, you can find in organ donation and therefore it is important to mention that you can encounter fewer problems in the future.

4. Bacteriological Reviews: If you have an infectious patient-ness, the germs that cause these diseases, through a renal transplant recipient can cause problems during the postoperative period. Therefore, besides the urine and throat cultures, should be sure to have an infectious disease carried out at various blood tests. When such a condition is detected, treatment and organ donation will start again when you win your health will be accepted.

5. Radiological examinations:

Chest films: drawn to reveal the presence of any disease in your lungs.

Kidney Movies: intravenous drug given special shot this film, your kidneys do indicate that there is a case out of the ordinary and which will be received, inform your doctor about kidney.

Angiography: with the help of a thin tube inserted through the groin, kidney has a film to see vessels. This kidney will be directing the film and helps the physician about the surgery.

6. Other Reviews: During your health in general, reviewing and operated to ensure that you do not compare with any questions, this sort our investigations next electrocardiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography, or if necessary can also be another special examinations and tests.

Considered the entire investigation of
be within normal range
and between your tissue group
Determination of adequate compliance
if your organ donation
will be accepted.

Caution Do Not Necessary Points of patients prior to transplantation

1. Nutrition: nutrition during dialysis treatment also carries a lot of attention. However, after transplantation, especially in the first few months, in order to avoid negative effects on your body of drugs used in high doses to your food prior to transplantation will need to show more and more important.

Watch During this period, milk, eggs, intake of animal foods such as cheese should be kept in the foreground.

2.Diş Care: an inflammation of dental decay or gum disease can sometimes cause serious problems after transplantation. To prevent this, go to the dentist as 3-6 months intervals, and you should make a useful treatment.

You must show the importance of brushing your teeth on a regular basis to prevent tooth decay.

3. Prevention of Infectious Diseases: treatment will be applied in the posttransplant period of infectious diseases can cause more serious watch. Therefore make sure not to make the same environment with individuals with febrile and infectious diseases to prevent any contamination prior to surgery.

If a person with a contagious illness in the family, your personal items (plates, cutlery, towels, razors, etc.). Disconnect. You may need to postpone your surgery occurs such a disease prior to transplantation.

4. Cadaver Transplantation Clinic Foundation Controls: When you apply for the first time Polyclinic, cadaver kidney waiting list will be written and come with controls will be offered periodically thereafter. Every time you make an appointment for your next check.

Do you think that you check your junk, even if the physician in the clinic all kinds of complaints,
your doctor or dialysis
Notify necessarily.

5. Controls on Blood Testing Lab Tissue Group: Patients in cadaveric kidney transplantation waiting list will be called to the unit with a certain interval. Special ingredients that may play a role in organ rejection in blood after the investigation will be checked improves.

Always on the date you called
need to control your blood tests

Basic Information for Kidney Donors

Do good to someone you love is always a nice feeling to be able to help. Happiness is to ensure the continuation of the good life by donating an organ close to your own body Moreover loved incomparable to anything else.

A point to note is that your requirements with one kidney where you can meet both kidneys from healthy indefinitely without causing any problem.

Despite these good feelings, the first time to donate one of your kidneys may upset you and make you think in future periods may be concerns in terms of how it will affect your own health. A point to be noted in this regard, your needs, both in the case where a single kidney from a healthy kidney can afford indefinitely without causing any problem.

If you decide to donate kidney to be very thorough investigation primarily to prevent damage to your health, but you can then organ donation will be accepted. If you make the slightest hesitation during this review, the state informed you and your patients will be the way to search for another donor.

In short, if your doctor can give you peace of mind to patients with a kidney does not see the harm in donating organs.

In this case, you will not make any changes to your normal life time.

There is no upper age limit for donating your kidney. Generally over 65 years old in the kidneys with all organs and partial dysfunction is more common. Nevertheless, most often in the kidneys of the person above that age are also allowed to completely forgive bulunarak healthy organs.

18 living kidney donor to be small individuals under the age medically possible. However, keeping in mind the social value judgments, to accept organ donations of individuals under the age they are more accurate.

Examinations As a result, even if it finds sufficient Your kidney function for the moment, you have a serious kidney disease earlier, higher your blood pressure, in case you have been diagnosed diabetes will be notified that you have a suitable donor. If your reason which led to renal failure patients carrying family property must be at least 30 years old and are required to be made as a result of investigations did not show any symptoms of the kidney disease in you.

Kidney transplantation between transmitter and receiver can be made, first of all must be compatible blood groups is required. Major blood groups 0, A, B and AB are divided into four. He is a person who in all types of blood group blood group (0, A, B and AB) can donate their organs. If a patient with blood group AB can receive from each of the four blood groups of the donor organ.

Information for Patients Transplant Candidates

Kidney transplantation is not an exact upper age limit will be made for patients. However, in patients over the age of 65, because more often develop post-operative problems, propose to continue dialysis treatment is more appropriate for these patients.

After transplantation, the drugs will be given to prevent rejection of kidney installed will reduce your body resistance and defense. Therefore, if a contagious disease passed recently said it is inconvenient to be fully operative until healing the disease.

Cancer can also people with kidney transplantation. However, it was applied with a sufficient pre-treatment for it, and with at least one year is required to detect the recurrence of the disease.

In a number of diseases that lead to kidney failure, the kidneys can also be installed as recurrent disease. Therefore, delayed for a period of transplantation, some dialysis patients.

Having recently spent a heart attack or partial paralysis also require the postponement of surgery. After enough of these diseases to be treated kidney transplant may come up again.

Another issue that is important are the financial costs of transplantation. In this form of treatment, specific drugs are applied throughout life to prevent rejection after kidney surgery. Some of these drugs are brought from abroad and are quite expensive.

Pension Fund meets the relevant institutions for treatment and drug dependent patients with expenses or civil servant to Social Security.

However, uninsured patients, it is difficult to meet the costs of treatment and medication installed. So for restoring patients' health security is essential.

Study Conducted on Before transplantation patients

1. Physical examination, your physician before you can be a candidate for kidney transplantation will examine you in detail. In addition to a general medical examination; ear, nose, throat, teeth and female patients is also necessary gynecological examination. Considered if any problems arise in examination and treatment of these pre-would prevent major problems that may occur after surgery.

2. Blood Review: Adequacy of your dialysis treatment, liver function, blood counts, your doctor will give you information about the presence of virus in your body can cause hepatitis or other infectious diseases.

3. Bacteriological Reviews: After surgery and treatment for the prevention of rejection was noted before the body can reduce your resistance. Bacteriological examination made are aimed at finding a possible source of infection. If the reproduction of microbes in the cultures made the necessary treatment and only permitted your body free from infection after transplantation.

4. Radiological Investigations:

Chest Film: view in your heart, is necessary to check whether there is any disease in your lungs.

Film stomach: stomach to detect the presence of any discomfort, it is important to be able to cure prior to transplantation.

Because some of the drugs administered after surgery can damage the stomach and cause an existing ulcer bleeding.

Bladder Movie: some patients during urination, the bladder, the urethra and kidneys may occur a true overflow. This can lead to urinary tract infections. Its important for patients in the preoperative evaluation and movies taken by inserting a urinary catheter may sometimes raise the removal of the patient's own kidneys.

Other than those described in the ECG to check the general health status, ultrasonography may also need other tests such as computed tomography.


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